National Museum Act of 1998
Section 5. Preservation of the Senate Session Hall. – The National Museum shall preserve the Senate Session Hall as a tribute to the legacy of the great men and women of the Philippine Senate for their invaluable contributions to the Filipino people, and as a relic where democracy and freedom reigned and events of national significance transpired.
Section 6. Objectives. – The Museum shall have the following objectives: 6.1 As an educational institution, the National Museum shall take the lead in disseminating knowledge of Filipino cultural and historical heritage and developing a corps of professional knowledgeable about the preservation, enrichment and dynamic evaluation of the Filipino national culture.
6.2 As a scientific institution, the Museum shall continue to conduct basic and systematic research programs combining integrated laboratory and field work in anthropology and archaeology, geology and paleontology, botany, and zoology. It shall maintain reference collections on these disciplines and promote scientific development in the Philippines.
6.3 As a cultural center, the Museum shall take the lead in the study and preservation of the nation’s rich artistic, and cultural heritage, in the reconstruction and rebuilding of our past, and the development of the national cultural wealth.
Section 7. Duties and Functions. – The Museum shall have the following duties and functions:
7.1 Acquire, document, collect, preserve, maintain, administer and exhibit to the public, cultural materials, objects of art, archaeological artifacts, ecofacts, relics and other materials embodying the cultural and natural heritage of the Filipino nation, as well as those of foreign origin. Materials relevant to the recent history of the country shall be likewise acquired, collected, preserved, maintained, advertised and exhibited by the Museum;
7.2 Conduct researches, archaeological and scientific, on Philippine flora and fauna; collect, preserve, identify and exhibit to the public systematically all types of plants and animals found in the Philippines, prepare for publication manuscripts and scientific papers on them and maintain a reference collection on such subjects;
7.3 Document all objects held by the National Museum in its collections or borrowed by the Museum by registering them in an inventory and cataloguing them, and manage any movement of the collections both within the Museum and elsewhere in such a way that the Museum is able to locate any object in the collections at any time, initially on paper records, but to be converted to computerized records on a professional museum documentation system as soon as time and budget allow;
7.4 Conduct researches on the origin, history and geographic distribution of, and to collect, preserve, study and exhibit rocks, minerals and fossils of plants of plants and animals; maintain a reference collection and to prepare for publication scientific studies on them;
7.5 Regulate registration, excavation, preservation and exportation of Philippine cultural properties through a legal department and customs department which shall be established for these purposes;
7.6 Implement the pertinent provisions of Presidential Decree No. 374, as further amended, and other related laws on the protection and conservation of cultural properties;
7.7 Undertake research on salvage archaeology, monitor and control archaeological excavations, diggings and researches into Philippine pre-history and proto-history;
7.8 Gather, identify, reconstruct, restore and maintain a national archaeological reference collections; study archaeological artifacts and ecofacts, with their corresponding data and deduce archeological interpretations;
7.9 Undertake researches on the pre-history of the Philippines in order to define the foundations of the cultures of the people by conducting systematic and controlled archaeological excavations in different sites on land and underwater, and to supplement existing historical documentation;
7.10 Collect, preserve, restore and exhibit to the public objects of arts;
7.11 Conduct researches on Philippine arts and its relations to the arts of other countries and prepare for publication research papers on them;
7.12 Carry out researches among different people of the Philippines to define the ethnography of each group, to establish the ethnology and to document for posterity and exhibit to the public their traditional and existing cultures, practices and artistic forms expressive of their culture;
7.13 Collect, acquire, identify, reconstruct, restore, preserve and maintain ethnographic items; gather their interpretations; mount exhibitions and prepare technical manuscripts for publication;
7.14 Maintain a chemical and physical laboratory where scientific analysis of materials recovered from archaeological and ethnographic sites may be undertaken for their preservation;
7.15 Plan, organize and stage exhibitions in all disciplines covered by the Museum geology, cultural properties, zoology, botany, archaeology, arts, anthropology, restoration and engineering;
7.16 Plan and organize library services, guided tours, lectures, seminars, symposia or workshops;
7.17 Implement and enforce Presidential Decree Nos. 260, 374, 756, 1109, 1492, 996, 1683 and 1726-A;
7.18 Supervise restoration, preservation, reconstruction, demolition, alteration, relocation, and remodeling of immovable properties and archaeological landmarks and sites;
7.19 Disseminate astronomical knowledge and information through planetarium shows, lectures and demonstrations, exhibits and actual celestial observations;
7.20 Maintain, preserve, interpret and exhibit to the public the artifacts in sites of the Paleolithic habitation site of the possible earliest man to the Philippines, the Neolithic habitation of the ancient Filipino at the Tabon Caves and other important archaeological sites;
7.21 Secure and receive bilateral and international grants and endowments to support its programs/ projects;
7.22 Initiate, promote, encourage and support the establishment and promotion of, and extended management, technical and financial assistance to regional, provincial, city and / or local museums; and
7.23 Develop and implement consortium agreements and linkages with institutions of higher learning and other organizations engaged in similar researches being undertaken by the National Museum.
Section 8. Board of Trustees. – The business of the Museum shall be conducted at the City of Manila by a Board of Trustees to be composed of the Chairmen of the Committees on Education of the Senate and House of Representatives, the Chairperson of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts and seven (7) representatives from the private sector. Of the seven (7) representatives from the private sector, there shall be included, one (1) distinguished Filipino Artist, one (1) distinguished Filipino Scientist, and one (1) distinguished Filipino Historian.
The private sector representatives shall be selected on the basis of their demonstrated interest in and commitment to the arts and culture. The Director of the National Museum is an ex-officio member of the Board of Trustees.
The Chairman of the Board shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines. The President shall be the National Museum’s Honorary Chairman and patron.
Section 9. Appointment of Trustees. – The private sector representatives shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines form a short list nominated by recognized NGO’s in the Museum and cultural sectors, as well as by prestigious business groups.
Of the private sector representatives, three (3) shall be appointed for a four-year term; three (3) shall be appointed for a two-year term; and one (1) shall be appointed for a one-year term.
They shall all be eligible for one appointment. Appointment to a position vacated due to death, disability, resignation or any similar cause, shall be for the duration of said unexpired term only.