The National Art Gallery, National Museum of the Philippines

Exhibitions


Exhibitions at the National Art Gallery begin on Level 2 (House Floor) at the main visitor entrance in Padre Burgos Avenue, and cover Philippine art from the 17th to 20th centuries. Exhibitions continue on Level 3 (Senate Floor), and feature modern and contemporary Philippine art from the 20th to 21st centuries as well as temporary exhibitions.


LEVEL 2 (HOUSE FLOOR)

The Old House of Representatives Session Hall

The Old House of Representatives Session Hall

The Old House of Representatives Session Hall


This historic hall was the site of the 1934 Constitutional Convention chaired by Claro M. Recto, as well as of many other significant events. It houses one of the country’s most well known paintings, the Spoliarium by Juan Luna Y Novicio. It is displayed across El Asesinato del Gobernador Bustamante (The Assassination of Governor Bustamante), the largest known work by Luna’s contemporary and friend, Félix Resurrección Hidalgo. Outside the entrance of the hall are two large wood reliefs by National Artist Napoleon V. Abueva, assisted by Renato Rocha and Jose Mendoza. They portray Rajah Sulayman, His Court, and the Palisades and Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and the Founding of Manila.


SOUTH WING GALLERIES

GALLERY I (Luis I. Ablaza Hall)
Religious Art from the 17th to 19th centuries

Gallery I

Gallery I


Christian themed art in the Philippines was prevalent in the 17th to the 19th centuries when parts of the country was under Spanish colonial rule. Many of these religious images were of carved wooden santos (saints) made by unknown artists, as well as reliefs and paintings of the Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ. This gallery also features a National Cultural Treasure, a retablo (altar piece) from the Church of San Nicolas de Tolentino in Dimiao, Bohol.


GALLERY II
Art Prints from the Archives of the Royal Botanical Garden in Madrid

Gallery II

Gallery II


In the mid-1700s, Spanish pharmacologist and botanist Juan José de Cuéllar commissioned Filipino artists to make drawings of Philippine plants that he had collected from his field work in Luzon. The drawings were kept in the archives of the Royal Botanical Garden in Madrid for over a century, and were rediscovered in 1988 by researcher Maria Belen Bañas Llanos. In 1996, the Spanish government gifted a special copy of the collection to the Philippines, presented by King Juan Carlos I of Spain to President Fidel V. Ramos. The collection now hangs in this gallery.


GALLERY III
Academic and Romantic Art

Gallery III

Gallery III


In the mid-1700s, Spanish pharmacologist and botanist Juan José de Cuéllar commissioned Filipino artists to make drawings of Philippine plants that he had collected from his field work in Luzon. The drawings were kept in the archives of the Royal Botanical Garden in Madrid for over a century, and were rediscovered in 1988 by researcher Maria Belen Bañas Llanos. In 1996, the Spanish government gifted a special copy of the collection to the Philippines, presented by King Juan Carlos I of Spain to President Fidel V. Ramos. The collection now hangs in this gallery.


GALLERY IV (Fundación Santiago Hall)
Academic and Neoclassical Sculpture

Gallery IV

Gallery IV


The 19th century brought master Filipino sculptor Isabelo L. Tampinco (1850-1933), a contemporary of Jose Rizal who was known for developing the Estilo Tampinco style of carving and ornamentation. His sons Angel and Vidal followed in his craft, and helped him carve the sculptures in the Old Senate Session Hall on the third floor of this building. Tampinco’s contemporaries and artistic successors are distinguished by a strong academic and neo-classical style, including Graciano Nepomuceno, Anastacio Caedo, and Florentino Caedo, whose works are also on display here.


GALLERY V
Homage to Dr. José Rizal

Gallery V

Gallery V


This gallery honors Dr. José P. Rizal (1861-1896), known widely for his patriotism and acclaimed novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. Displayed here are several portrait busts and paintings of Rizal by eminent Filipino artists from the early to mid 20th century, such as Isabelo Tampinco, Graciano Nepomuceno, Guillermo Tolentino and Martino Abellana. A prominent doctor and writer, Rizal was also a skilled artist. Included in this gallery is his drawing of the view of Gendarmenmarkt from his 1886 visit to Berlin, as well as his sculptures Bust of Ricardo Carnicero, San Pablo Ermitano, Oyang Dapitana, and Mother’s Revenge, a declared National Cultural Treasure.


GALLERY VI
Classical Art from the 20th century

Gallery VI

Gallery VI


Philippine artists in the early 20th century, the late contemporaries and artistic successors of Juan Luna and Félix Resurrección Hidalgo painted in the classical style taught by academics, specifically the Amorsolo School of the School of Fine Arts in the University of the Philippines. Such artists were active from the late Spanish colonial period up to the American occupation before World War II. Notable artists included in this gallery are Fernando Amorsolo and his cousin and mentor Fabian de la Rosa, Jorge Pineda, Ireneo Miranda, Pablo Amorsolo and numerous other artists who shaped Philippine art prior to the advent of modernism in the country.


NORTH WING GALLERIES

GALLERY VIII (Silvina & Juan C. Laya Hall)

Gallery VIII


With the outbreak of World War II, Filipino artists depicted scenes that expressed conflict and suffering during this era. Works in this gallery portray the Imperial Japanese Occupation from 1941 to 1945, the Liberation of the Philippines by American and Filipino forces, and the destruction of Manila. This includes Capas by Demetrio Diego, which shows soldiers resting on bamboo beds after walking the Bataan Death March.


Warning: The images in this gallery might be disturbing to some viewers.


GALLERY X (MFP Hall)
The Progress of Medicine in the Philippines by Carlos V. Francisco

Gallery X


This hall is dedicated to The Progress of Medicine in the Philippines, a set of four large paintings by National Artist Carlos “Botong” V. Francisco (1912-1969). They were specially commissioned for the entrance hall of the Philippine General Hospital in 1953. Declared a National Cultural Treasure in 2011, these important works are on indefinite loan to the National Museum by the University of the Philippines to secure their preservation for future generations.


GALLERY XI (SPPC Hall)
Drawings of Fernando C. Amorsolo

Gallery X

Gallery X


Fernando C. Amorsolo (1892-1972), the first National Artist of the Philippines, was known for his oil paintings of rural life made in the classical style. He also made a number of commissioned portraits of individuals and families at the peak of his career. This gallery contains over 100 drawings by Amorsolo, who made a series of black-and-white pencil and ink sketches and oil studies of his subjects prior to making the final artwork. These include rural landscapes and seascapes, portraits, indigenous people, and mostly genre and everyday scenes that depict life in the countryside, where Amorsolo had spent his early childhood. Also displayed is a work by his nephew, painter Cesar Amorsolo.


GALLERY XII (Security Bank Hall)
Works of Guillermo E. Tolentino

Gallery XII


National Artist Guillermo E. Tolentino (1890-1976) dominated Filipino sculpture in the 1920s to 1970s and the decades beyond, particularly in the field of portraiture and human forms. He worked in the classical style and mainly used plaster and metal to create his sculptures. His work and memorabilia presented here are in collaboration with the Tolentino Family, along with Security Bank president Frederick Dy, Judy Araneta-Roxas, Ernesto and Araceli Salas, and Nestor Jordin.


NEXT: LEVEL 3 (SENATE FLOOR)

This page was last modified Tuesday, May 5, 2015
National Museum of the Philippines
Padre Burgos Drive, City of Manila, Philippines