Sus barbatus ahoenobarbus Huet, 1888
Vertebrate - Mammal
Palawan Bearded Pig;
The Palawan bearded pig is a subspecies of Sus barbatus. While Sus barbatus can also be found in Malay Peninsula to Borneo, the subspecies Sus barbatus ahoenobarbus is restricted only to Palawan Faunal Region. Its entire body is black or blackish in color with rufous hair tips. It has an ochre-color band on the snout. Its head is long and narrow with an elongated nasal portion. It has “beard” of harsh bristles on the ochre-color lateral band on the snout.
The Palawan bearded pig usually stays in primary and secondary forests and they adapt in parang areas. It feeds on fallen fig fruits, roots and crops like corn, gabi, camote, ube, and sometimes rice. It is mostly active at night but can also be encountered at daytime especially during cool weather. It gives loud snorts or crunching sounds when feeding on hard plant material. Adult female wild pig gives birth to 3 to 11 young. Wild pigs are often hunted to extinction because of their meat and the destruction they cause to man’s crops in agricultural areas which used to be part of the their forest home. An endemic species, the Palawan bearded pig is listed as a threatened taxon by the IUCN. It is listed as Rare in the Philippine Red Data Book by the Wildlife Conservation Society of the Philippines. Palawan bearded pigs may face extinction if unabated hunting and destruction of our forests such as illegal logging and kaingin continue. Heavy decline in the population of wild pig is an indication of severe destruction in our forests, because wild pigs are usually the ones left when all other animals are gone.