Mother's Revenge

19th Century
Jose Rizal



The sculpture in terra cotta (clay), Mother’s Revenge, is an allegorical representation of what was happening in the Philippines during that period. Shown is a mother dog trying to rescue her helpless pup from the bite of the crocodile. The mother dog represents “mother Philippines” and the patriots who are doing their best to save the defenseless countrymen - the pup - from the cruelty of the Spaniards as represented by the crocodile.

When Dr. Jose Rizal was exiled in Dapitan, Zamboanga, he made use of his artistic talent to create a piece that would symbolize the martyrdom and the exploitation of the indios by the colonizers. After more than 300 years of colonial rule, Rizal was the leading figure in the clamor for independence.

Inscribed at the base of the sculpture is “Rizal Dapitan 1894”. The sculpture is an important cultural property in the National Museum collection.


This page was last modified Monday, February 10, 2014
National Museum of the Philippines
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