Old Stone Age
Tabon Cave, Quezon Palawan
One of the earliest human remains in the archipelago is a fossilized skull-cap (frontal bone) that belongs to a female estimated to be 22,000 years old. It was discovered together with a right mandible (jaw) and teeth in Tabon Cave, Palawan by Robert Fox of The National Museum.
These fossils of modern man (Homo sapiens sapiens) were recently dated using the new direct dating methods. The skull-cap is now dated to 16,500 years (14,500 B.C.) and the mandible to 31,000 years (29,000 B.C.). The oldest human fossil recovered by the National Museum during the re-excavation of the Tabon Cave is a tibia (bone of the lower leg) that dates back to 47,000 years (45,000 B.C.).